8 May 1865 - April 1889
In April, 1865, troops were ordered from
The entire post was constructed of adobe, with flat, dirt-roofed,
one-story buildings, with the exception of the
The nearest town was a rough place called Leasburg (still existing) which
had saloons, friendly ladies, and a bad reputation for violence -- it was soon
placed off limits to the soldiers. Dona Ana was twelve miles south, and
During the Civil War, up to 1870, privates received $16 a month, corporals $20, up to the ordinance sergeants, who received nearly $40. The pay scale was lowered by about $3 after 1870, which is reported to have caused wholesale desertions.
3rd Cavalry 1866-1870 Companies B,K
4th Cavalry 1883 Troop B
8th Cavalry 1870-1874 Companies C,G,I,K
9th Cavalry 1876-1877,1881 Companies F,M
10th Infantry 1886-1888 Company D
13th Infantry 1881-1886 Companies B,D,K
15th Infantry 1870,1873-1876,1881 Companies D,F,H,I,K
24th Infantry 1888-1891 Det. of Companies A,D,F,H
38th Infantry 1867-1869 Company K
125th Infantry 1866-1867 Companies A,E,F,I
After the Civil War, Congress created four regiments of Black soldiers --
two of cavalry and two of infantry. The first regular army troops to garrison
The 9th Cavalry and the 21st, 38th and 125th Infantry were "Buffalo Soldiers" - units made up of Black
soldiers. The Indians referred to them as
Desertion was always a problem at
However, desertion usually decreased when Black soldiers garrisoned the fort.
To protect the citizens of the
The other picket post was at San Augustine Pass, a gap in the
The San Augustine Pass is regarded by all as the most dangerous place in this section of
. New Mexico
All public property from this post having been disposed of it was abandoned on this date.
Fort Selden was declared a New Mexico state monument in 1974.
The Fort Selden Visitor's Center displays exhibits depicting life at the fort -- nineteenth-century military weapons, uniforms, archaeological artifacts, and rare photographs of the U.S. Army in the West.
Fort Selden is located along the Rio Grande approximately 13 miles north of Las Cruces, in southern New Mexico. Take I-25 north to the Radium Springs exit. Go west about two miles to the Fort Selden State Monument. Food and gas are available locally, and camping is permitted at Leasburg State Park, next to the monument.
8:30 - 4:30
May 1 - Sept. 15 9:30 - 5:30
$2 for adults
16 and younger free
New Mexico residents half price on Sundays
New Mexico seniors free on Wednesdays
For more information, contact:
Nathan Stone - Manager
Elva Melendrez -
is an annual
event, held on the grounds of historic
Enactments are held with authentic period clothing and equipment.