Maxey - Broking Discussion
A Critical Review and Defense of
Down, But Not Out

Tuesday, August 22, 2000

Darrell Broking on "Lelusai"
A Few More Comments

The fact that my opponent in this discussion is a man of great knowledge and intellectual ability, has made this exchange a wonderful exercise on the need for Bible based Theology. The challenge of every Bible student is to search all of the obtainable facts on a subject, with a desire to learn and accept only truth. Some "scholars" seem to be driven by a desire to embrace theories because of their popularity and novelty instead of their truthfulness. Sadly, this problem has fueled discouragement in many Bible students. The discouraged say, "If scholarship can not agree on this issue, then absolute truth must not be obtainable on this issue." Scholarship seems to disagree on almost every Bible subject.

Discouragement over differing positions on Bible doctrine is nothing new. The church of Christ in Thessalonica struggled with the problem of men changing the inspired tradition of absolute truth. Apparently the problem became so serious that some of the brethren in Thessalonica wanted to stop all prophesyings. In defense of the truth Paul wrote: "Despise not prophesyings. Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. Abstain from all appearance of evil" (1 Thess. 5:20-22). In other words, Paul presented the tremendous need for Bible based theology. The Bible was written in a manner, which allows the simple, uneducated mind, the same ability to learn the truth on matters of Biblical obligation enjoyed by the educated mind. One will never go wrong when he allows the Bible to be his single guide through life.

Why do the authorities disagree over the proper translation of lelusai in First Corinthians 7:27? One may never be able to know all of the reasons why the Greek experts disagree on this matter. The good news is seen in the fact that one does not need to lean on the Greek experts for his interpretation of lelusai in First Corinthians 7:27. One who believes in the verbal, plenary, inspiration of the Bible understands that truth does not contradict itself. Therefore the following facts must be induced before any proper deductions can be made.

The fact that luo and lusis are built on the same stem does not mean that these words are always used to describe divorce. Luo means "I am loosing or destroying." Lelusai is the second person singular, perfect, passive, indicative of luo, meaning, "you are loosed or destroyed." The perfect tense looks at the present condition, which is the result of past action, and in the case of the passive voice, the subject was acted upon. Therefore, the subject under the scope of lelusai was completely passive in some event, which made him free from a wife. How often is a divorced person completely passive in a divorce? If the term does include divorce, then it must be looking at the person who was married to a fornicator and fought to save the marriage, but in the end he put his spouse away for fornication. This person has the Lord's approval to marry without sin. However, the problem with this is that a person who puts one away for fornication or any other reason, is not passive in the divorce. Lelusai is passive.

My twelve-year-old son is one who is "free from a wife." The act of his birth was passive on his part and from that point until he marries an eligible candidate for marriage, he will be considered "free from a wife." This may be why, Zerwick's Grammatical Analysis of the New Testament assigns lelusai in First Corinthians 7:27 with the definition "are you free." Furthermore, according to Romans 7:1-2 a widower, unless he murdered his wife, is one who was passive in the act of being loosed from his wife. After all of the Biblical evidence is introduced and examined, one must eisegete the blanket meaning of divorced into the word lelusai in First Corinthians 7:27.

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